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20121031
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PBS
Oct 8, 2012 9:00pm PDT
of the most well-recognized journalists in the united states. pioneers and advocates. for more than two decades maria and george have informed million of hispanics through the popular evening newscast. their brand of journalism is characterized not only by subjective and perspectives, but also by a high degree of social advocacy. in the last three decades both have covered a wide range of news and have witnessed history in the making. >> mexico, oh, yes. >> from presidential elections around the world to the most destructive natural disasters. maria has interviewed dictators, revolutionaries, world leaders, heads of state in latin america, and in the united states. she was among the first female journalists to report from the war torn streets of baghdad. george has covered five wars and right after the terrorists attack on september 11th he drove all the way from miami to new york to report on the tragedy firsthand. once he even asked for a vacation to cover the war in afghanistan. an assignment that at the time the network deemed too dangerous. he's had very public encounters with vene
PBS
Oct 23, 2012 11:00pm PDT
who has a remarkable story about death in iraq and reunion in the united states. >> the i interviewed a guy in the peace, a psychiatrist who used the term moral injury and he sa a t of soiers a marines stuff from moral injury, which he described as sort of it happens when you get an order, you do something that you believe at the time was absolutely correct and the only thing you could do, and it turns out to have been, to have terrible consequences. that is basically what happened here. >> rose: american foreign policy and a dexter filkins story. when we come back. funding for charlie rose was provided by the following. additional funding provided by these funders. captioning sponsored by rose communications from our studios in new york city, this is charlie rose. rose. >> rose: we begin this evening with the 2012 election last night, president obama and mitt romney balanced it out in the third and final debate. at lynn university in boca raton florida, the suggest was foreign policy but discussion often veered toward domestic concerns as well, the two men addressed a range of issues
PBS
Oct 1, 2012 11:00pm PDT
much of that is borne by the united states, both in terms of budget and in terms of resources? >> a lot, of course. the united states is the biggest ally accounting for around 80% of the overall defense expenditure in our alliance. so it really is a huge contribution. but politically i think it's of jut most importance also for a suppower like the united states to have allies in europe, like-minded democracies. i find it of utmost importance that democracies in europe and north america stand together shoulder to shoulder to defend our common values. >> rose: when you talk about missile defense, against missiles coming from where? >> well, actually, our missile defense system is not directed against any specific country but it aims at protecting our populations against missile threats from wherever. >> rose: incoming missiles from wherever they come from? >> exactly. and we know that more than 30 countries around the world have missile technologies rohr aspiring to get missle technologies, some of them with a range to hit population centers in europe. so we want to protect our population
PBS
Oct 18, 2012 5:00pm PDT
nationalized the islands. chinese officials have criticized japan and the united states for planning a joint exercise next month. personnel will take part in the scenario in which they will t to recapture islands. defense forces soy they have scrambled more jets. pilots have given out an increasing number of warnings from planes from china. >> reporter: the aircraft took tohe skies 209 times between april and september to warn foreign aircraft of possible air space violations. chinese aircraft was warned 69 times. 80% of those warnings happened in july and september. chinese jetssually cross the air defense identification zone and would approach an area 200 kilometers north of the island before hitting back. ministry officials are trying to figure out why. >> translator: we have monitored chinese naval no, sforces in re years. we must keep collecting information on aircraft and vessels in the region. we must also car out our mission precisely. >> reporter: in march of last year two chinese navy ya aircraft flew within 60 kilomete kilometers. they came close but didn't enter japanese air spac
PBS
Oct 4, 2012 5:30pm PDT
jobs. that is the number one interest of generally everyone in the united states. >> woodruff: and in our regular "daily download" segment, margaret warner explores how the face off played in social media. >> brown: and it hasn't happened in baseball in 45 years. we look at 'triple crown' winner miguel cabrera of the detroit tigers. that's all ahead on tonight's "newshour." major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: and by the alfred p. sloan foundation. supporting science, technology, and improved economic performance and financial literacy in the 21st century. and with the ongoing support of these institutions and foundations. and... this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. >> woodruff: the first presidential debate is behind them, but the two sides went at it again today. republicans said their man took it to the president in the denver duel. the obama camp charged the truth got trampled in the process. >> la night i thought was a great opportunity for
PBS
Oct 8, 2012 11:00pm PDT
of tension between the prime minister of israel and the president of the united states. but all of that is entirely obama's fault. anything that's wrong with the u.s./israel relationship is obama's fault. the fact that the prime minister of israel has continued with a settlement policy which is extremely controversial in israel somehow comes no where into the equation. so we're supposed to blieve on the one hand that america's supposed to lead the arab world from the front with one hand while adopting a policy toward israel that is more pro-israeli than anything any government in washington has articulated for a long time. how the two of them will go together i don't know. and for good measure, though-- and i think this is praiseworthy-- governor romney has called for a palestinian state and a two-state solution, something on other occasions he's been less than supportive of. so it's kind of a mishmash for me. that's how i see it. >> rose: a couple things. one, on syria, he seems to want to support the rebels with arms, at least. that's different. >> yeah. and here i think -- i
PBS
Oct 10, 2012 11:00pm PDT
the united states. why did the 13 colonies develop as they do? one of the reasons was it was jam packed with natural well-protected harbors in the northeast. and the tempered zone of what is now the united states, it was last resource-rich part of the temperate zone that was settled by europeans at the time of the enlightenment and it had more miles of inland waterways than the rest of the world combined. so that enabled the develment of american nationhood. these facts are so obvious that they get overlooked in the current debate. >> rose: i want to take different countries and look at it to understand your thesis, both in terms of their history and future and elements of their geography that make them who they are take china today. >> okay. all right. take china. china has two big geographical issues. on the one hand, china is big, it's vast. because it's stretching out in terms of the its corporate enterprises, its demography into he ruian far east where there's always this timber, diamonds and gold that the chinese want. a hundred million people in manchuria over the boarder in the
PBS
Oct 11, 2012 5:00pm PDT
at a maj janese company appears to be dialing up a deal that will give them presence in the united states. softbank is considering acquiring sprint nextel. sprint nextel has more than 56 million subscribers. negotiations are to acquire more than two-thirds of the company's shares. it's expected to reach 2.8 billn. both firmsre providers for apple's iphone and they both use a high speed wireless communication protocol called long term evolution. the stronger yen is believed to be a factor in soft bank's decision in acquiring sprint nextel. they are hoping to vastly expand their network and customer base in the united states where the market is showing considerable growth. if successful the deal would lead to the creation of a te telecommunications wh more than 19 millionsubscrers. >>> u.s. markets ended lower dragged down by lackluster earning reports. the dow jones extended its losing streak to four days. this is the lowest closing since september 11. we go to ramin who is at the tokyo stock exchange. what can you tell us? >> good morning. following the slight losses that we saw in new yo
PBS
Oct 22, 2012 6:00pm PDT
the tension that existed between israel and the united states was very unfortunate. i think also that pulling our missile defense program out of poland in the way we did was also unfortunate in terms of, if you will, disrupting the relationship in some ways that existed between us. and then, of course, with regards to standing for our principleses, when the students took to the treats in tehran and the people there protested, the green revolution occurred, for the president to be silt, i thught s an eormous mistake. we have to stand for our principleses, stand for our allies, stand for a strong military and stand for a strong economy. >> schieffer: mr. president. >> america remains the one indispensable nation. and its world needs a strong america and it is stronger now than when i came into office. because we ended the war in iraq, we were able to refocus our attention on not only the terrorist threat, but also beginning a transition process in afghanistan. it also allowed us to focus on aiances lationshipth had been neglected for a decade. and governor romney, our alliances have never been
PBS
Oct 29, 2012 5:00pm PDT
. china has been reluctant to establish a code of conduct despite the urging of the united states. the focus is now on bl the relevant countries will bridge their differencest a series of summits nex month. >>> spokespe are no plans for direct talks with japan's leaders. relations between the countries have soured. china and taiwan also claim the islands. if summit is scheduled to open next monday. japaneserimeinisr i alady considering attending. there's fo plano plans for the s to meet. >> translator: japan should immediately correct i wants mistakes. make an effort to remove obstacles to improving relations. >> observers say that chinese government sees the summit as a chance to protetstance to the international community. mpb >>> buddhists are fighting a muslim minority. >> reporter: the conflict involves majority buddhists and minority muslims. local authorities say the latest wave of violence has killed 84 people and wounded more than 120 others. the international group human rights watch released satellite images of muslim homes in the area. compared with photos from march,
PBS
Oct 6, 2012 11:30am PDT
-- >> let me ask you what percentage of the hispanic community in the united states does not speak english. how big a barrier is language as you mentioned? >> that's pretty high. >> i think for the youth they speak english it's really interesting because they're the ones translating for their parents. in terms that you have a lot of those that come from latin america, when you look at the politics of latin america they equate politicians to corruption, it is what they do. the idea of having to deal with politics coming tolt united states not necessarily that's like for second nature. they would prefer to not have to go along, work with -- go to school, do what they have to do. they're such a voice and part of our united states that we need them to get more involved in that. >> i think that -- does it make sense for candidates to be fighting so hard, clearly -- >> i'm saying if only ten out of 24 million latinos go to the polls. >> as hard as they fight for young people to go to the polls, i know that asemrats we're counting on high turn out among latinos, among african americans and high t
PBS
Oct 8, 2012 4:30pm PDT
, and the company warns a trade battle could cost the jobs of thousands of workers in the united states. but, as darren gersh reports, there is growing bipartisan agreement that this is the right time to get tough on chinese cyber-theft. >> reporter: in unusually blunt language the bipartisan leadership of the house committee warned u.s. companies not to buy their broadband networking equipment from z.t.e. and huawei. >> our advice to the private sector is this: your obligation is to consider larger data protection and national security implications of your business decisions and we would not advise doing business with these two companies. >> reporter: washington has become increasingly alarmed by cyber-security threats believed to have been launched from china. cyber theft of american trade secrets is estimated to cost hundreds of billions of dollars a year. >> if huawei wants to do business in the united states, then they've got to tell their government to stop cyber attacking the united states. >> reporter: huawei aggressively pushed back. the company says the intelligence committee provi
PBS
Oct 17, 2012 4:30pm PDT
. what we've seen in the united states is oil production in the u.s. is increasing. but due to other factors around the world and the middle east we're still having higher prices and that's impacting the price of crude. at t momentrice of galine is below the psychologically important $4 a gallon at the pump in the u.s.. and as such the price of gasoline as a political issue might recede in the coming weeks. >> susie: actually some people are predicting that by the election prices at the pump will get down to $3. do you agree with that, and why will it drop so much? >> i agree the directionally prices will decline and that i think is the key point. i don't know if th will decline as much as $3. it's outside the control of the government. but what we're seeing is that demand for gasoline normally falls seasonly this time of year. and prices for gasoline are offset to decline. however heating oil prices, whether the demand is set to increase. we see prices for heating oil increasing. so it's a mixed bag. >> susie: tell us a little more about the heating oil, because a lot of people are
PBS
Oct 23, 2012 5:30pm PDT
in an open and honest way. and i ask for your vote. i'd like to be the next president of the united states to support and help this great nation. >> ifill: the president's advertising also focused on the choice voters face. >> read my plan. compare it to governor romney's and decide which is better for you. it's an honor to be your president. i'm asking for your vote. so together we can keep moving erica forward. >> ifill: from here, it's a sprint to november 6. following his afternoon rally, romney headed to colorado. and then back to nevada. and on to iowa tomorrow. the president spends the next two days hitting eight states: iowa, colorado, nevada, florida, virginia, illinois, and ohio as well as burbank california for an appearance on the tonight show. >> woodruff: for more on last night >> woodruff: for more last night's debate, tn again to t expertsn foreign policy- richard haas, president of the council on foreign relations. he's in chicago. and in boston, former u.s. diplomat nicholas burns, now with the kennedy school of government at harvard university. welcome to you both. let
PBS
Oct 9, 2012 5:30pm PDT
. last year the united states, pursuant to cyber command, the united states lost over 300 billion dollars of trade secrets. that's $300 billion of trade secrets as a result of cyber attacks. >> brown: but excuse me, but is there... is it the lack of evidence? i mean the lack of them being clear with you or is there evidence that they might do something? >> we also have evidence. we have evidence that the chinese government have been doing it. as far as huiwei is concerned we have gotten a lot of data and information about huiwei but most of our concern is the relationship between their government. >> brown: you heard that the company pushed back pretty hard after this report came out. they accuse... they said little more than an exercise in china-bashing. >> the first thing, we're not masquerading at all national security to do any chinese bashing. that's not what we do as americans. in my message basically and my message to the chairman of huiwei was if you want to do business in the united states the first thing you do is disclose that we need including your financial information. we wa
PBS
Oct 22, 2012 9:00pm PDT
of the united states. and of western capitalism. it's very, very threatening. and i think that that's why you've had the billionaire class. you know, the minute barack obama -- i would actually say rather gently suggested that the millionaires and the billionaires should pay a little bit more, you had immediate cries of class warfare from the plutocrats, and very emotional. you know, there was an activist investor who sent an e-mail to his friends, the subject line is, battered wives. and in the e-mail, he compares mse and his fellow multimillionaires to battered wives who are being beaten by the president. he actually uses those words. >> and i thought it was really interesting, in your book, how you pointed out that bill clinton himself responded to obama's criticism by saying, you know, i would have done it a little bit differently. i think, you know, you can't attack these people for their success. and i think that's very relevant, because if you go back in time it wasn't always this way, but i think the shift really began with clinton and the new democrats. i think after, you know, walte
PBS
Oct 15, 2012 5:00pm PDT
urge the united states not to take a specific position on the issue between japan and china. >> american leaders have said the islands are subje to e u.s.-japan security treaty but they refuse to take sides in the dispute. >>> government officials from japan, china and south korea have emphasized the importance of cooperation to overcome confrontation. they met monday in seoul to mark the first anniversary of an organization to promote peace and prosperity in the area. the top issues were the territorial dispute pitting japan against its neighbors. the islands are ctrolle by south ykorea and claimed by japan. >> translator: i believe that cooperation will play an important role in resolving disputes among our three nations. >> a south korean expert explained the leaders are unable to show initiative because of the leadership transitions expected later this year. a japanese participant sai ty should refrain. >>> japanese self-defense force officials say they are hoping they can use dialogue to work out any problems with their neighbors. a security meeting will be held from co
PBS
Oct 10, 2012 4:30pm PDT
, corporations in the united states are in terrific shape, the united states continues to grow. the election is tightening up, which means anybody who is elected is likely to govern from the center, and attack the fiscal cliff. and so you have to say in a low return environment, shares of multinational companies with growing earnings and dividends are probably not a bad place to be. but you want to buy when the markets are down, not when they're up, and you want to sell low quality, buy high quality, and buy them on corrections, not after big moves. i would not be surprised if you have a little bit more of a correction right here. >> susie: so let's talk a little more about this correction. it feels like a correction. between what's going on with oil prices going lower, some of these earnings reports that we've been getting. so what are the risks ahead, and is this a buying opportunity? one strategist saying today that he's pretty upbeat because with central banks around the world pouring money into the financial system, it's kind of hard to see that the global economy will freeze up. so wha
PBS
Oct 16, 2012 6:00pm PDT
in the united states and creating jobs here. it also means we're helping them and small businesses to export all around the world in new markets. number two. we've got to make sure that we have the best education system in the world. the fact that you're going to college is great. but i want everybody to get a great education. we worked hard to make sure that student loans are available for folks like you. but i also want to make sure that community colleges are offering slots for workers to get retrained for the jobs that are out there right now and the jobs of the future. number three. we've got to control our own energy. now not only oil and natural gas, which we've been investing in, but also we have to make sure we're building the energy sources of the future not just thinking about next year but ten years from now, 20 years from now. that's why we've invested in solar and wind and biofuels. energy efficient cars. we've got to reduce our deficit but we have to do it in a balanced way. asking the wealthy to pay a little bit more along with cuts so we can invest in education like yours. let's
PBS
Oct 17, 2012 5:30pm PDT
of the united states. >> both candidates appealed to women voters today, picking up where they left off last night, when one of the townhall voters asked where they stand on pay equities. the president pointed to his 2009 finding of the fairer pay act as an example of his support for women. >> president obama: that's an example of the kind of advocacy we need because women are are increasgly the bread winners in the family. this is not just a win issue, this is a family issue, a middle class issue, and that's why we've got to fight for it. >> romney taughted his record as massachusetts governor, where he said he went out of his way to recruit women for his cabinet. >> i went to my staff and said, how come all of the people for these jobs are all men. and they said these are the people who have the qualifications. i said, gosh, can't we find some women that are also qualified. so we took a concerted effort to go out and find women w had bkgrods hat ulde qualified to become members of our cabinet. i went to a number of women's groups and said can you help us find folks. they brought us whole b
PBS
Oct 5, 2012 11:00pm PDT
about it is that the debt gdp ratio-- ratio of europe is less than the united states so that if they work together they would be able to borrow relatively low-interest rates. so the country he-- countries could take some responsibility for their own debts but the underwriting that debt would be a common-- a commitment. >> because the problem these governments have with the sovereign debt they have is that they have to pay such large interest rates. >> that's right, five, six, seven percent. >> that is the problem we have he's. >> greece went even over that. and one point it was over 15%. so the fact is the debts become unsustainable when the interest rate kicks that high. the second problem they have to have is a common banking framework. because money will leave the banks that are viewed to be in the countries that are weak, go to the countries that are strong, and it will be a downward spiral. >> spanish banks are in trouble. >> the spanish banks are likely to be in very bad trouble. there was an announcement of how much money they need, in the tens of billions of doll
PBS
Oct 12, 2012 11:00pm PDT
that we are very close to the united states which is clearly an advantage, but also we are investing a lot of infrastructure and in a very important thing, charlie, which is human capital. we have built in this six years 140 new universities from greenfields, public and free tuition universities. and we add there are like 113,000 new engineers graduating every year in mexico so today there are more engineers every year than in germany or u.k. or canada or brazil. and with that, a lot of companies, american and global companies are realizing that mexico is very, very competitive in manufacturing, for instance. even vis-a-vis china. >> rose: ed thing we read about are two big issues, one is narco terrorism. what is it going to take to win that battle? the second is immigration. >> well first a lot of courage, because otherwise it is impossible to deal with that. and you need to have the principals that no one nation could prosper without rule of law. because that is exactly our main focus, in the sense that we are not prosecuting drugs by drugs themselves. we are looking for rule of law in m
PBS
Oct 15, 2012 11:00pm PDT
t country. in the 19th century, the united states built a railroad and it was incredibly corrupt, too. >> rose: then in the '50s eisenhower built the interstate highway system which was a huge success. >> it was a huge success. one of the reasons why our programs in the end can be cleaned up is because we have institutions that help do that. we have a free press, we have courts, we have voters who can make choices about how they want their money to be spent other countries have faced the same thing. japan, korea, they've all faced it. >> rose: i'm told the chinese military says the u.s. nts to nta usso we have to develop a carrier fleet and we have to build up our own resources even though they want to contain us. on the other hand, united states says no, that's not what we want to do. we want to be a power in the pacific but we don't want to contain you. but if they operated with certain misconceptions, that could lead to danger or something like a conflict with japan could explode. >> rose: that's the real danger is that there is a sense, and it's percolating from the military
PBS
Oct 25, 2012 11:00pm PDT
that are in there but the full faith and credit of the united states of america is riding on our showing some responsibility fiscally, there is absolutely no question that is something we support, you taking, he did that, and they walked away. >> rose: they came to the president, the president went back to bain and said we have to have more revenue after the deal had been struck. now that is what woodward says, that is what -- >> daily wha what happens in the room -- you ask bill -- i wish we could call him on the phone, could we have a lifeline. >> rose: you could probably call him. >> and say what happened in the room when the president said there are no more cuts -- revenues and we said, absolutely, we have to go, $4 trillion in deficit reduction at a time when the full faith and credit of the united states of america is in question. i don't know, i never had a conversation about bob woodward but i was in the room. >> rose: have you talk to bob woodward. >> you never talked to bob woodward about this book, you never talked to him about this book? >> about what happened -- >> i didn't read the book, i don
PBS
Oct 5, 2012 5:30pm PDT
the democratic incumbent has unexpectedly grabbed the lead. >> this the united states senate. mark shields an david brooks >> brown: mark shields and david brooks analyze the weeks news. >> woodruff: and ray suarez previews another political match to watch, thousands of miles south in venezuela, where long- time leader hugo chavez faces a young challenger. >> the election marks a watershed moment for the world's second largest oil producing nation. and a critical supplier of crude oil to the u.s. its number one customer. >> woodruff: that's all ahead tonighs nehour >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: carnegie corp >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions and foundations. and... >> this program was made posble by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. >> brown: more jobs, less unemployment. the september numbers offered the latest look into the u.s. economy, and the latest fuel for the fight over economic policy in the presidential campaign. it was the kind of news that presiden
PBS
Oct 4, 2012 5:00pm PDT
alongside them. a navy sports person says the fleet provides a compact force of the united states and its allies and partners. there's fresh tension between japan and south korea. th south lnche aprotest with japan claiming that a helicopter belonging to the self-defense force entered the air defense identification zone in the sea of japan. the issue centers around the takeshima islands. they are claimed by japan but controlled by south korea. the south korean defense ministry says a helicopter took off located 54 kilometers east of the islands on september 21st. the ministry said the helicopter entered the zone for five minutes. it said the craft left after it was warned by air force fighter jets. the ministry noted prior approval is required before entering the zone. it set us defensive measure against unidentified aircraft. japanese government officials said the helicopter was flying above open sea during regular training and didn't ente south korea's identification zone. >>> taiwan's envoy from japan has returned to tokyo. the head of taiwan ease liaison office came back to japan. >>
PBS
Oct 4, 2012 11:00pm PDT
of the united states today and walked in the room like he was a bigger, better man and the president, he had that self-confidence which this president is going to have to face down a couple mo times and he is going to have to do it with at least a quality of presence and self-confidence. i thought last night it was about self-confidence. the president didn't seem to be aware, and at least cosmetically of the fact the camera was always on him and wasn't like the nixon kennedy debates and not reaction shots but always a split screen so when he had his head down, you everything at times, like do i have to put up with another ten minutes of this and then he looked back at romney on the same screen and relishing every second of it, romney would have liked a couple more minutes of this and clearly the president was not looking at his watch but when will this ordeal be over and pass, and i think the audience could tell. >> and romney was saying let me talk, without being incivil about it. >> he was fine, i can only say romney, mr. romney, totally amoral, apolitical sense i thought his performance l
PBS
Oct 8, 2012 5:30pm PDT
to create daylight between the united states and israel. >> woodruff: let me turn then to michelle flournoy. how do you respond for the campaign? >> the iran case is a great example of where the rhetoric would suggest huge differences between the president's position and governor romney's position. when you actually look at what romney called for, crippling sanctions, positioning our forces to be ready in the gulf and keeping the military option on the table, that's exactly what president obama has done. and exactly what his record will show. so it's a case of overdrawing the differences rhetorically but then actually not being able to say much about what would governor romney really do differently as commander in chief. >> woodruff: what about peter feaver's point that the decisions made a couple of years narrowed the choices? >> i'm not sure what he's referring to there. i think president obama, one of the things he did at the start of this administration was invest in strengthening our alliances and partnerships that have brought the international community around this strategy. this isn
PBS
Oct 12, 2012 5:30pm PDT
. and that was the next vice- president of the united states, paul ryan. >> woodruff: much of the day's focus was on the vice president's debate statement about the attack in benghazi, libya, that killed the u.s. ambassador and three other americans last month. >> we weren't told they wanted more security again. we did not know they wanted more security again. and by the way, at the time, we were told exactly... we said exactly what the intelligence community told us that they knew. >> woodruff: but at a congressional hearing a day earlier, a state department official acknowledged that she declined requests for more security in benghazi. and at the debate, ryan charged the administration failed in a critical duty. >> our ambassador in paris has a marine detachment guarding him. shouldn't we have a marine detachment guarding our ambassador in benghazi, a place where we knew that there was an al qaeda cell with arms? this is becoming more troubling by the day. they first blamed the youtube video; now, they're trying to blame the romney-ryan ticket for making this an issue. >> woodruff: the vice
PBS
Oct 24, 2012 11:00pm PDT
tight control over greek budgets some called austerity measures undemocrat. in the united states a debate at the fiscal responsibility is at the heart of the presidential election. >> if somebody game to you, governor, with a plan that said, here, i want to spend seven or eight trillion dollars and we're going to pay for it but we can't tell you until maybe after the election how we're going to do it, you wouldn't have taken such a sketchy deal >> we've gone from $10 trillon of national debt to $16 trillion in national debt. if the president were reelected we'd go to almost $20 trillion of national debt. this puts us on a road to greece. >> rose: joining me now, distinguished editors from the "economist" magazine, john micklethwait is the editor-in-chief. zanny minton beddoes is economics editor and vijay vaitheeswaran is the china business editor. i am pleased to have all of them on this program. they're here in new york and washington talking about big economic issues with leading people in th economic arena. howid i don the pronunciation? >> we've assembled possibly the three
PBS
Oct 25, 2012 5:00pm PDT
is the second largest in the world after the united states. it's worth more than $150 billion annually and includes everything from animation in gaming to software development and multimedia. the best part of this expo is the number of prototypes you the sample. the best in ideas that haven't hit the market. can't read sheet music? no problem. researchers created something that does it for you. users write notes then scan them with this device. a camera turns what it sees into data and inputs that into an algorithm. it's played back in realtime. >> translator: i want people to have fun and experience something new when they add digital technology to an analog format. >> reporter: researchers at the university of tokyo focus their efforts on helping people control their weight and their cravings. they created these goggles which change the size of your food according to its nutritional value. you think you eat. the more the result, you feel fuller, faster. >> translator: i know that the cookie isn't changing but it felt like it was growing and shrinking in my hand. >> reporter: even par
PBS
Oct 17, 2012 5:00pm PDT
with the united states next year. a transatlantic deal could create a trade bloc accounting for nearly half of global output. eu leaders will begin a two-day summit in brussels on thursday to discuss trade negotiations. according to a draft obtained by nhk, the eu leaders will work toward launching the negotiations in 2013. leaders from both sides agreed in november last year to set up a high-level working group aimed at expanding trade and investment. the group pls to release its report by the endf this year. the draft also calls on eu countries to begin negotiations with japan for an economic partnership agreement. but france is among several countries expressing concern over an eu/japan deal. they say it will lead to a sharp rise in auto imports. >>> now people in india have suffered through chronic shortages of electricity, even blackouts. they may get some relief. their prime minister has held talks that could pave the way for imports of uranium from australia. man mohan singh hosted the australian prime minister in new delhi. they agreed to start negotiations on nuclear energy coopera
PBS
Oct 22, 2012 4:30pm PDT
. >> the united states foreclosures in general are looking better. month over month, year-over-year, we're down significantly, 16% i think year over year. but we're seeing a strong bifurcation along the lines of judicial versus nonjudicial states. >> explain to us, explain the difference and why that's important when it comes to fore-- foreclosure. >> the difference between those is in judicial states you require a judge in a courtroom to approve the foreclosure and of course the reason why you see the bottleneck there is in those states is because the of the delay and investigations in lawsuits, changes in the rules and procedures required to do those changes. the problem of course then is that in those states, florida, for example, we're seeing foreclosure goes up because they were backlogged for so long. so in florida foreclosures are up, 24%, year-over-year and 11 months of increases meaning this is not just a blip on the radar screen. >> this is a state in florida, where we are, where the economy comes together as a political issue, foreign affairs tonight obviously with the presidential d
PBS
Oct 23, 2012 4:30pm PDT
markets. >> when they talk about weakness, the weakness is everywhere else but the united states, which highlights the united states possibly being the one beacon of hope. and that's where companies need to reinforce there strength in. >> reporter: companies are also trying to boost earnings by cutting costs and selling non- essential assets. others are using the weak quarter as an opportunity to clean up their balance sheets. >> everything but the kitchen sink. you are going to take every write-down, every mark down, everything that you can. ge it out ofhe way, so you ok better in the following quarter. >> reporter: but hopes are fading for a strong finish to the year. of the companies that have provided earnings guidance for the fourth quarter, 22 have been negative and only two have been positive. >> companies are already warning us not to expect too much from them for the fourth quarter. we've received the most negative guidance since we started collecting this data in history. >> reporter: the weak global economy isn't just bad news for big multinational firms; it is forcing many t
PBS
Oct 25, 2012 4:30pm PDT
for to the being more vocal about the fiscal situation in the united states. and here at the are on the eve of the presidential election getting their voices heard, certainly. let's get going with tonight's "market focus." the major indices squeezed out some small gains after the sharp losses since late last week. the s&p 500 started strong with the market focused on the strong durable goods report for september and the drop in first time unemployment insurance filings last week. but those gains disappeared by noon eastern time; the index finished wi a small gain. trading volume was 695 million shares on the big board; 1.94 billion on the nasdaq, the energy sector led the way, up nine tenths of a percent. health care rebounded eight tenths of a percent. and helped by procter & gamble, the consumer staples sector gained six tenths of a percent. a pair of independent energy companies helped that sector, even though they both reported weaker than anticipated quarterly earnings. oil and natural gas producer eqt rallied 4.7%. while earngs came up short, oducti salesolum were up double digits. hi
PBS
Oct 31, 2012 4:30pm PDT
message to the investing public both in the united states and around the world. in order to keep that positive sentiment flowing. the big board says it has seralarge generators keeping the lights on, and say they will be able to do that until power is restored to financial district. >> tom: the economic toll from hurricane sandy won't be known for quite a while, but already there are expectations the clean-up and rebuilding costs will surpass those from hurricanes irene and katrina. although there are countless businesses hurt, others could see a boost. erika miller reports. >> reporter: when you consider the massive amounts of flooding, downed trees, and damage to transportation networks, it could take days-- if not weeks, to tally up the financial costs from the storm. but already there are predictions sandy will be the most expensive clean-up in u.s. history. the most serious damage appears to be caused by flooding along the east coast. according to economic tracking firm i.h.s. global insight, property damage will likely surpass $20 billion. add to that as much as $30 billion
PBS
Oct 18, 2012 5:30pm PDT
in the united states and by some measures, exceeds $1 trillion. and in a new "time" magazine poll-- conducted with the carnegie corporation-- 80% of those surveyed said many colleges are simply not worth the cost. 89% said higher education is in crisis. president obama has responded by touting his expansion of the federal pell grant program, as he did again today in manchester, new hampshire. the granite state has an average of almost $35,000 in student loan debt-- highest in the country. >> today, because of the actions my administration took, millions of students all across the country are paying less for college. we took a system that was wasting tens of billions of dollars on banks and lenders. we said, let's cut out the middle man. give the money directly to the students and as a consequence, young people are getting a better deal. >> woodruff: romney claims the additional federal aid actually prompted colleges to raise tuition. he has said that he thought the president increased pell grants too much. but in tuesday's debate, romney said he wanted to grow the program's funding. meanwhile
PBS
Oct 25, 2012 9:00pm PDT
it the regional industry. >> o'brien: today, more than half of the commercial flights in the united states are flown by regional airlines. >> the industry really restructured itself fundamentally. and there was decisions that were made about what services should be inurced to the mainline carriers anwhat were most efficient to be outsourced. and we ended up with a different structured industry than people have probably anywhere else in the world, where these regional carriers are vitally important. >> o'brien: regional carriers were growing rapidly. by 2005, colgan had successfully bid and won flying contracts with continental, us air and united airlines, serving regional markets across the northeast and throughout texas. in just four years, colgan had more than doubled in size. that's a lot of growth to manage there, isn't it? >> a lot of growth for colgan to manage. this has been a lot of growth for the regional sector to manage. from flying a small portion of overall flying to operating 52% of the departures today. you know, it's been a huge transition for the regional sector. >> o'brie
PBS
Oct 30, 2012 4:30pm PDT
election are receding as the storm heads north and away from the united states. the storm hit new jersey hard, but the state makes it easy to vote early by mail, and that makes it unlikely the storm will keep many from sending in their ballots. new york does not offer early voting, giving officials there time to recover by election day. in the key swing state of virginia, election offices in 55 counties were up and running today. just nine remain closed and those are expected to reopen soon. the vginia secretary of state has asked local elecon officials to extend absentee voting hours through saturday. sandy has not disrupted early voting in ohio, a state expected to prove decisive in the election. but if you need a daily fix of polling data, you are in for a letdown. millions of voters along the mid-atlantic and northeast are in cleanup and recovery mode, and pollsters know the last thing they'll be thinking about is answering a call about the election. gallup is suspending it's daily tracking poll, and others say it will be difficult to reach a representative sample of voters needed to
PBS
Oct 1, 2012 5:30pm PDT
of the united states. this is oal business. the court heard arguments last term on whether corporations could be held liable under that statute. then it later ordered reargument on a broader question. that is whether these cases can be brought in u.s. courts against any defendant who committed a violationn a foreign country. and today the court heard arguments on that. it's hard to tell. it seemed a number of justices were not happy with business' approach which is to say there is no extra territorial application of this law, period. and yet also we're not too crazy about the human rights groups' argument that federal courts should be open to cases where there's absolutely no connection to the united states. >> brown: so what are the stakes? you've got... the stakes for business clearlyoing business abroad. and there are stakes for human rights law application. >> right. business looks at these cases as very costly to defend. they don't like to be labeled either correctly or not correctly as human rights violators. they want to see them ended in terms of events occurring in foreign countries.
PBS
Oct 2, 2012 5:30pm PDT
does the united states do? i think we're some distance from seeing anything that looks like a drone strike in libya. >> warner: critics say that the fact... administration critics, that r.p.g.s were usedded in the attacks should have been prime a favre evidence that this was a terrorist attack. from your reporting and you've been both been reporting on this, what were the signs or the evidence that led the administration to reverse its initial assessment? greg? >> well, i think there's been a number of things. they've come from different sources so there was... there have been some intercepts that show contact between some of the militants and organizedded militant organizations perhaps even including al qaeda and the islamic mag remember. there are other information coming in from informants and/or detainees who have been scooped up and are being questioned in tripoli. >> warner: and what... do you want to add something to that? >> no. warner: let's go on to the state of security because you've written a lot about this. what was the state of security at that consulate and the whole
PBS
Oct 2, 2012 10:00pm PDT
rates that existed in the united states at the height of the great depression. in the african-american community in north carolina. >> brown: he has decided to sit out the presidential vote >> i'm going to vote for the other offices on the ballot but i'm just not going to cast a vote for the presidency >> brown: you're not? no brown: you feel okay i feel okay about it. my wife tells me i'm crazy. >> ready to go brown: no doubt octave i can't rainy thinks he's crazy too >> you have to vote for people who support our issues. >> brown: a community organizer working with a group called democracy north carolina, rainy walks the streets for hours every weekend, even on this dreary wet saturday, in her college park neighborhood of raleigh. she knows things are bad here. but firmly believes the president is helping make them right. >> it's just like being in a marriage. when you're having problems in a marriage you have to work at it. change don't come overnight. if you are devoted and committed change will come. i do believe that the next four years will be even a bigger change. >> b
PBS
Oct 10, 2012 5:30pm PDT
fighting for all way to the united states supreme court. our lawyers this morning effectively made the case to the justices that diversity-- ethnic and otherwise-- benefits all of the students on our campus. >> ifill: the high court last visited the issue in 2003, deciding five to four to let the university of michigan law school could use race as one factor in its admissions process. before then, the university of texas guaranteed acceptance for the top 10% of students at every high school in the state. but after the michigan decision, texas and other schools added race as a factor for applicants who are not guaranteed admission under the top 10% plan. the eight justices who heard today's arguments must now decide whether that two-tiered system passes constitutional muster. justice elena kagan is not taking part. she recused herself after working on the case as solicitor general under president obama. >> ifill: for more on today's arguments, we turn as always to marcia coyle of the "national law journal." she was in the courtroom this morning and is back with us tonight. mash ahow did the
PBS
Oct 15, 2012 9:00pm PDT
in the united states." but it's impossible to truly grasp this reality unless you can see it with your own eyes. that's the beauty of what my guest james balog is doing. earth, he says, is having a fever. so five years ago, he created the extreme ice survey, combining art and science to tell the story of a planet in peril. risking life and limb, this photographer and filmmaker, mountaineer, author and prophet has gone to the top of the world to show us overwhelming evidence of what we're doing to the environment. his discoveries are in this magnificent new book, "ice: portraits of vanishing glaciers" and in the feature length documentary "chasing ice," soon to be released. here's an excerpt from its trailer. >>> it all started in iceland. i think i'm so certain to get wet i'll take my boots off. i never imagined that you could see glaciers this big disappearing in such a short time. there's a powerful piece of history that's unfolding in these pictures, and i have to go back. the initial goal was to put out 25 cameras for three years, shoot every hour as long as it was daylight. that would show
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